How to install and configure Memcached on Fedora 35

In this tutorial guide I will be guiding you through installation and configuration of Memcached on Fedora 35.

Memcached is a general-purpose distributed memory caching system. It is used to speed up dynamic databases-driven websites by caching data and objects in the RAM to reduce the number of times an external data source must be read.

Memcached has an API with a very large hash table distributed distributed across multiple machines. when a table is full, subsequent inserts cause older data to be purged in least recently used order.

Memcached is simple yet powerful. Its simple design provides quick deployment, ease of development and solves many problems facing large data caches.

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  • Root access to the server or sudo user
  • Access to internet
  • Fedora 35 server

Table of Contents

  1. Update the system repositories
  2. Install memcached
  3. Configure memcached
  4. install memcached PHP extension
  5. Conclusion

1. Update Fedora system repositories

To begin our installation we need to make sure all the repositories are up to date.

$ sudo dnf update

After the updates is complete then we can install Memcached.

2. Install Memcached

To begin our installation, type the following command into the terminal to run the installation.

$ sudo dnf install memcached -y

This will run the installation of memcached in your system. Wait for the installation to finish then move on to configuration. It will install dependencies in the process.

3. Configure Memcached

We need to make some configuration in memcached. The default configuration is found in the /etc/ sysconfig/memcached.

$ sudo vim /etc/sysconfig/memcached

The output should look as follows


Change the following to suite your needs. After you have completed making any changes save the file and exit then restart your memcached.

$ sudo systemctl restart memcached 

As the best practice enable Memcached to start on reboot, use the following command;

$ sudo systemctl enable memcached

To view the status of Memcached do the following in your terminal.

$ sudo systemctl status memcached 

Your output should look like this

# sudo systemctl status memcached 
● memcached.service - memcached daemon
     Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/memcached.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
     Active: active (running) since Tue 2021-11-16 09:02:47 UTC; 3min 33s ago
   Main PID: 19179 (memcached)
      Tasks: 10 (limit: 2319)
     Memory: 1.6M
        CPU: 46ms
     CGroup: /system.slice/memcached.service
             └─19179 /usr/bin/memcached -p 11211 -u memcached -m 1024 -c 1024 -l,::1

Nov 16 09:02:47 fedora systemd[1]: Started memcached daemon.

You can also restart memcached with the following command;

$ sudo /etc/init.d/memcached restart

Restarting Memcached will drop all sessions stored in an instance.

4. Install Memcached PHP Extension

Install the following PHP extension php-pecl-memcached as shown below;

$ sudo dnf search php memcached

The output will be as follows:

Last metadata expiration check: 0:40:53 ago on Tue 16 Nov 2021 09:08:30 AM UTC.
==================================== Name & Summary Matched: memcached, php =====================================
php-pecl-memcached.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon
php-pecl-memcache.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon

So let’s begin the installation with the following command

$ sudo dnf install php-pecl-memcached

  fastlz-0.1.0-0.16.20070619svnrev12.fc35.x86_64             libmemcached-awesome-1.1.1-1.fc35.x86_64            
  php-common-8.0.12-2.fc35.x86_64                            php-pecl-igbinary-3.2.5-1.fc35.x86_64               
  php-pecl-memcached-3.1.5-7.fc35.x86_64                     php-pecl-msgpack-2.1.2-4.fc35.x86_64                

Now you can restart memcached and Apache for the changes to take effect.

$ sudo systemctl restart memcached 
$ sudo systemctl restart httpd

Finally you can check the php.ini configuration file to confirm everything.

$ php -i | grep memcached

The output should be as follows;

memcached support => enabled
libmemcached version => 1.1.1
memcached.compression_factor => 1.3 => 1.3
memcached.compression_threshold => 2000 => 2000
memcached.compression_type => fastlz => fastlz
memcached.default_binary_protocol => Off => Off
memcached.default_connect_timeout => 0 => 0
memcached.default_consistent_hash => Off => Off
memcached.serializer => igbinary => igbinary
memcached.sess_binary_protocol => On => On
memcached.sess_connect_timeout => 0 => 0
memcached.sess_consistent_hash => On => On
memcached.sess_consistent_hash_type => ketama => ketama
memcached.sess_lock_expire => 0 => 0
memcached.sess_lock_max_wait => not set => not set
memcached.sess_lock_retries => 5 => 5
memcached.sess_lock_wait => not set => not set
memcached.sess_lock_wait_max => 150 => 150
memcached.sess_lock_wait_min => 150 => 150
memcached.sess_locking => On => On
memcached.sess_number_of_replicas => 0 => 0
memcached.sess_persistent => Off => Off
memcached.sess_prefix => memc.sess.key. => memc.sess.key.
memcached.sess_randomize_replica_read => Off => Off
memcached.sess_remove_failed_servers => Off => Off
memcached.sess_sasl_password => no value => no value
memcached.sess_sasl_username => no value => no value
memcached.sess_server_failure_limit => 0 => 0
memcached.store_retry_count => 2 => 2
Registered save handlers => files user memcached 


We have learn how to install Memcached in our Fedora server. If in case you encounter problem please consult the documentation.

About Kipkoech Sang

I am a technology enthusiast who loves to share gained knowledge through offering daily tips as a way of empowering others. I am fan of Linux and all other things open source.
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