How to install MongoDB 5 on Rocky Linux

In this tutorial guide, we are going to learn how to install MongoDB 5.0 on Rocky Linux.

MongoDB is an open-source NoSQL database that provides high throughput for data-driven applications. Unlike relational databases such as MySQL, Oracle, and SQL servers which store data in tables according to a rigid schema, MongoDB stores data in documents with flexible schema.

Why do we need MongoDB?

  • MongoDB makes it easy for developers to store structured or unstructured data, it uses JSON-like format to store documents. This format directly maps to native objects in most programming languages, making natural database for most developers.
  • MongoDB is built on a scale-out architecture making popular for developers developing scalable applications with evolving data schemas.
  • MongoDB is available in every major public cloud provider such as Azure, AWS, GCP making it easy for developers to deploy to any cloud provider of choice.
  • MongoDB supports rapid iterative development where developers collaborate with larger teams.
  • In MongoDB records are stored as documents in compressed BSON files.

MongoDB documents can be retrieved in JSON formats which has many benefits such as:

  • It is human readable, makes it easy to be read
  • It is a natural form to store data
  • You can nest JSON to store complex data objects.
  • Documents maps to objects in most popular programming languages.
  • Structured and unstructured information can be stored in the same document
  • JSON has a flexible and dynamic schema, so adding fields or leaving a field out is not a problem.


  • Have Rocky Linux server running
  • Have a user with sudo priviliges
  • MongoDB only supports 64 bits version of Linux, so make sure you are running x64.

Install MongoDB 5 on Rocky Linux

1. Run system updates

To begin with we need to make our system repositories up to date. This will help avoid running into errors while doing the installations.

$ sudo dnf update -y 

2. Configure package management (yum)

The easy way to install Mongo is to create /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-org-5.0.repo file so that we can easily install using the yum repository.

$ sudo vi /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-org-5.0.repo

Add the following content ;

name=MongoDB Repository

3. Install MongoDB 5 on Rocky Linux

Now we can install the latest version of MongoDB with the following

$ sudo dnf install mongodb-org -y

We will see the following output

MongoDB Repository                                                                              42 kB/s |  16 kB     00:00    
Dependencies resolved.
 Package                                Architecture Version                                       Repository             Size
 mongodb-org                            x86_64       5.0.5-1.el8                                   mongodb-org-5.0        11 k
Installing dependencies:
 cyrus-sasl                             x86_64       2.1.27-5.el8                                  baseos                 95 k
 cyrus-sasl-gssapi                      x86_64       2.1.27-5.el8                                  baseos                 49 k
 cyrus-sasl-plain                       x86_64       2.1.27-5.el8                                  baseos                 46 k
 mongodb-database-tools                 x86_64       100.5.1-1                                     mongodb-org-5.0        47 M
 mongodb-mongosh                        x86_64       1.1.9-1.el7                                   mongodb-org-5.0        44 M
 mongodb-org-database                   x86_64       5.0.5-1.el8                                   mongodb-org-5.0        11 k
 mongodb-org-database-tools-extra       x86_64       5.0.5-1.el8                                   mongodb-org-5.0        16 k
 mongodb-org-mongos                     x86_64       5.0.5-1.el8                                   mongodb-org-5.0        19 M
 mongodb-org-server                     x86_64       5.0.5-1.el8                                   mongodb-org-5.0        28 M
 mongodb-org-shell                      x86_64       5.0.5-1.el8                                   mongodb-org-5.0        15 M
 mongodb-org-tools                      x86_64       5.0.5-1.el8                                   mongodb-org-5.0        11 k
 python3-pip                            noarch       9.0.3-20.el8.rocky.0                          appstream              19 k
 python3-setuptools                     noarch       39.2.0-6.el8                                  baseos                162 k
 python36                               x86_64       3.6.8-38.module+el8.5.0+671+195e4563          appstream              18 k
Enabling module streams:
 python36                                            3.6                                                                      

Transaction Summary
Install  15 Packages

Total download size: 153 M
Installed size: 565 M
Is this ok [y/N]: 

Lets check the version of MongoDB we have just installed.

$ mongod --version
db version v5.0.5
Build Info: {
    "version": "5.0.5",
    "gitVersion": "d65fd89df3fc039b5c55933c0f71d647a54510ae",
    "openSSLVersion": "OpenSSL 1.1.1k  FIPS 25 Mar 2021",
    "modules": [],
    "allocator": "tcmalloc",
    "environment": {
        "distmod": "rhel80",
        "distarch": "x86_64",
        "target_arch": "x86_64"

5. Configure MongoDB 5

To start using MongoDB we need to start the MongoDB.service, to do that run the following command;

$ sudo systemctl start mongod

Then after starting you need to enable it to start every time you boot up your device.

$ sudo systemctl enable mongod

Lastly, you can check the status of our MongoDB service if it is running as expected.

$ sudo systemctl status mongod
● mongod.service - MongoDB Database Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Sun 2022-01-30 18:15:31 UTC; 38s ago
 Main PID: 38404 (mongod)
   Memory: 66.2M
   CGroup: /system.slice/mongod.service
           └─38404 /usr/bin/mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf

Jan 30 18:15:29 rockylinux systemd[1]: Starting MongoDB Database Server...
Jan 30 18:15:29 rockylinux mongod[38401]: about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
Jan 30 18:15:29 rockylinux mongod[38401]: forked process: 38404
Jan 30 18:15:31 rockylinux mongod[38401]: child process started successfully, parent exiting
Jan 30 18:15:31 rockylinux systemd[1]: Started MongoDB Database Server.

Our MongoDB service is now running as expected.

To start using MongoDB type on your terminal mongosh, it will show something like this output;

$ mongosh 
Current Mongosh Log ID: 61f6d61a8cda0cc1b432fec6
Connecting to:          mongodb://
Using MongoDB:          5.0.5
Using Mongosh:          1.1.9

For mongosh info see:

To help improve our products, anonymous usage data is collected and sent to MongoDB periodically (
You can opt-out by running the disableTelemetry() command.

   The server generated these startup warnings when booting:
   2022-01-30T18:15:30.984+00:00: Access control is not enabled for the database. Read and write access to data and configuration is unrestricted
   2022-01-30T18:15:30.984+00:00: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled is 'always'. We suggest setting it to 'never'


6. MongoDB crud operations

Crud operations include creating, reading, updating, and deleting.

To check the current database you are operating on type db

$ db 

Here am working on the test database.

To switch database you just say use db_name and it will create and switch to the database automatically.

$ use nextgentips

Insert into MongoDB database

MongoDB provides the following methods to insert documents into a collection.

# insert one 
$ db.collection.insertOne()
# insert many
$ db.collection.insertMany()


nextgen> db.nextgen.insertOne([ { Name: 'Nextgentips', Niche: 'Linux Tech Blog' }])
  acknowledged: true,
  insertedId: ObjectId("61f6d75e80b3d76dd79c1018")

In order to select documents you can use the find statement like this




7. Uninstall MongoDB 5

If you want to uninstall MongoDB, first you will have to stop the MongoDB running instance and then remove the packages

Stop MongoDB instance

$ sudo systemctl stop mongod

Remove MongoDB packages

To completely remove the packages run the following command;

$ sudo dnf erase $(rpm -qa | grep mongodb-org)

Lastly, remove data directories

# log
$ sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb
# lib
$ sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongodb


We have learned how to install MongoDB on Rocky Linux. I am glad you have enjoyed the tutorial. Feel free to comment in case you are faced with a challenge.

About Kipkoech Sang

I am a technology enthusiast who loves to share gained knowledge through offering daily tips as a way of empowering others. I am fan of Linux and all other things open source.
View all posts by Kipkoech Sang →

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